The Different Dental Crown Types

Millions of people in the United States and around the world get a dental crown for different reasons – mostly to replace a lost tooth or strengthen a weak tooth. The dental crown is a tooth restoration placed over the tooth crown to support and protect it.

Types of dental crown materials

There are four major types of materials used for making dental crowns. They include:

Ceramic Crowns

Ceramic crowns are produced from porcelain-based material and preferred for restoring the front teeth because they are customizable to blend with the other teeth. The dentist or prosthodontist may have to shave down the original tooth to fix the ceramic crown on the tooth. Although the material is strong and resistant to wear, it may become brittle if subjected to heavy biting. These crowns are often used for improving the aesthetics of a tooth.

Porcelain fused to metal crowns

These crowns are created by bonding porcelain to the outer part of a metal structure to make the crown stronger, ensure a better seal to stop leakage, and decrease the chance of tooth decay. By fusing porcelain to metal, the strength of the crown increases exponentially than porcelain alone, yet with an appealing appearance. The prosthodontist or dentist will remove a reasonable part of the tooth’s structure, but the result is highly durable and strong.

Gold alloy crowns

Gold alloys are made of gold, copper and other metal alloys to form a durable crown that bonds to the tooth structure. Gold alloy does not wear or fracture easily and does not deteriorate with teeth contacts. The materials used are biocompatible with the gum tissues. The appearance may not be as appealing as porcelain-based crowns, but they are stronger and last longer.

Base metal alloys crowns

Base metal alloys are made from non-noble metal elements to produce a durable crown that is highly resistant to corrosion. To prepare the tooth for base metal crowns, the dentist will only remove a small amount of the tooth’s structure. These crowns are resilient and do not damage the opposing teeth.

Creating dental crowns

Many dentists and dental lab technicians now use computer-aided design and manufacturing technology to create perfect shapes and sizes of dental restorations such as crowns, bridges, inlays, and onlays. The dentist or prosthodontist will use the 3D image of your teeth and gums to produce an accurate design of the dental restoration or crown. However, the technology is costly and not available in all dental offices. CAD/CAM technology ensures shorter appointments and faster results. As an alternative, the dentist will create a mold or impression of your teeth for the dental lab for creating the crown.

Final note

If the dentist has suggested getting a dental crown – probably because the tooth is broken, worn, or weak, or after a root canal procedure, for dental implant or bridge – you will learn more about the options available based on your tooth’s condition and preferences. Ask the dentist to know more about the placement procedure and what you need to do to ensure a successful result.

Request an appointment here: https://pearlcares.com or call Pearl Dental at (203) 717-0151 for an appointment in our Stamford office.

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